SECRETS OF FLYING
by C. LaRoy
When you fly on the commercial airlines of the United
States, you are flying on the safest, most efficient
form of transportation. When the rare accident does
occur, more and more people survive due to advances
in aircraft manufacturing and design, air traffic control
technology, emergency planning, and cabin safety.
Aviation manufacturers, air carriers, and the Federal
Aviation Administration are proud of their contributions
to aviation's impressive safety record. You, the air
traveler, play a very important role in aviation safety.
You can take responsibility for your own safety.
?Listen To The Safety Briefing ?Keep Your Seat Belt
Fastened ?Obey Carry-On Baggage Restrictions ?Wear Sensible
Fly Smart. Be responsible for your safety and make your
safe trip even safer.
LISTEN TO THE SAFETY BRIEFING
Fly Smart travelers always listen to the safety briefing
because they know that every aircraft is different.
The following are some tips to ensure that you are familiar
with the aircraft you are on:
?Take the passenger safety card out of the seat pocket
and follow along while you listen to the safety briefing.
Always take a moment to review the card before subsequent
takeoffs and landings. ?One of the best things you can
do to be prepared is to mentally plan the actions you
would need to take in an emergency. As part of this
plan, count seat rows between you and at least two exits.
?If you have any questions about the safety procedures,
ask the flight attendant. Flight attendants are professionals;
they know about the safety procedures of the aircraft.
FASTEN YOUR SEAT BELT
Of all the safety features aboard the aircraft, one
of the most important is right at your fingertips, "Your
In a recent study, nearly 300 turbulence-related serious
injuries to passengers were reported over a 10-year
period. None of the injured had their seat belts fastened.
To prevent turbulence-related injuries, Fly Smart travelers
?Keep their seat belt fastened at all times. ?Make sure
their seat belt is secured snugly and low across the
OBEY CARRY-ON BAGGAGE RESTRICTIONS
Fly Smart travelers should be aware of what they bring
?Most airlines restrict carry-on baggage to two pieces
per passenger. ?Carry-on bags must be small enough to
fit under the seat in front of you or in the overhead
bins. It's a good idea to put the heavier items under
the seat. ?Carry-on items could become flying projectiles
during turbulence. Heavy items and baggage with sharp
corners can be hazardous. ?Some hazardous materials
are restricted. They can be dangerous if carried (or
checked) on an aircraft. Following is a partial list
of common articles from the home, workplace, or garage
which, because of their physical or chemical properties,
can pose a danger when transported. ?Mace, tear gas,
and other irritants ?Aerosols containing flammable material
(hair spray, deodorant,repellents) ?Loaded firearms
?Loose ammunition ?Gasoline and other flammable materials
?Propane, butane cylinders or refills, and lighter refills
?Wet-type batteries, e.g., as used in cars ?Fireworks
and flares ?Safety or -strike-anywhere+ matches (in
checked baggage) ?Paint and paint-related materials
(thinners and cleaners) ?Corrosive (acids), poisonous,
infectious, and radioactive materials
The above list is not all inclusive. There are certain
exceptions for personal care, medical needs, and equipment
to support physically challenged passengers. There are
also provisions for sporting equipment. When in doubt,
check with your airline. ?In the unlikely event of an
emergency evacuation, leave everything behind. WEAR
For ease of movement and protection in the unlikely
event of an evacuation, Fly Smart travelers should follow
?Wear clothes made of natural fabrics such as cotton,
wool, denim and leather. They offer the best protection.
Synthetics may melt when they are heated. ?Wear clothing
that allows freedom of movement. Avoid restrictive clothing.
?Wear low heeled shoes or boots. (Shoes with laces or
straps are recommended. Avoid sandals.) ?Arms and legs
should be as fully covered as possible. (Long sleeves/pants
are recommended.) PASSENGER CHECKLIST
SUGGESTIONS TO MAKE YOUR SAFE TRIP EVEN SAFER
?Shirt - Long sleeved, natural fabrics. ?Slacks/pants
- Long, natural fabrics. ?Shoes - Leather or canvas
Child Safety Seat
Check with airline for policy on use before arrival
at airport and on board the aircraft .
?Safely stow carry-on baggage. ?Wear seat belt snug
and low across the hips. ?Keep your seat belt fastened
at all times. ?If you take your shoes off, put them
on before landing.
Review the passenger safety card before each takeoff
and each landing.
?Listen carefully to the safety briefing. ?Ask questions
if safety information is not clear. ?Make a mental plan
of the actions you would take in an emergency. ?Be familiar
with all exits. ?Count seat rows between you and at
least two exits.
Exit Row Seating
?Listen to the safety briefing and/or read the written
instructions for aircraft specifics. ?You must be physically
capable and willing to perform emergency actions. If
not, request another seat. ?You must know your responsibilities
in the unlikely event of an emergency. ?Ask questions
if instructions are not clear. ?Consider the effects
of alcoholic beverages. ?In the unlikely event of an
emergency, you should be aware of the following.
?Jump feet first into center of slide. ?Do not sit down
to slide. ?Place arms across chest, elbows in, and legs
and feet together. ?High-heeled shoes can damage slides.
?Pull oxygen mask toward you to start oxygen flow. ?Put
your oxygen mask on as quickly as possible. ?Help children
and others with their masks.
?Know where they are and how to use them. ?Life vests
(under seat, if available), life rafts, and some seat
cushions and evacuation slides can be used as flotation
Evacuating the Aircraft
?Follow instructions of crew member (if possible). ?Stay
calm and proceed quickly to exit. ?Leave all your possessions
Fire or Smoke
Inflight - Use wet paper towel or handkerchief
over nose and mouth. - Move away from the source of
fire and smoke. On Ground - Stay low. - Proceed by your
predetermined count of seat rows to exit(s) and/or -
Follow floor proximity lighting to an exit. - Exit the
aircraft. - Leave all your possessions behind.
Outside the Aircraft
?Move away from aircraft, fire, and smoke. ?If possible,
help those requiring assistance. ?Remain alert for emergency
vehicles. ?Never go back into a burning aircraft.